**Prime factorization** is the process of separating a composite number into its prime factors.

A prime factorization is equal to a number's prime factors multiplied to equal itself. For example,

24=12•2=6•2•2=__3•2•2•2__

3•2•2•2 is the prime factorization of 24, since the numbers multiply to 24, and are all prime numbers.

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